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What Language is spoken in Australia?

Australia does not have an official language but the de facto language is English. Australian English is different due to their unique accent and lexicon. Less than 80% of the Australian population is using English in their homes.

Indigenous Australian Language

Immigrants composed most of the population in Australia. Their numbers are bigger compared to the aboriginal or indigenous Australian. These aboriginals have a total of 400 indigenous Australian languages. Of which, only less than 20 is still used at home. Due to their low population, their language did not become widespread. To date, Chinese is by far more spoken over the indigenous language.

Australian English versus British English

The similarity between Australian and British English is resounding. But, Australian have their own vernaculars or slang words. Commonly called “strine,” which originated from the early convicts of London. A breakout from the British English language. This varies from state to state. Some words were adopted from the aboriginal language.

After the early settlers inhabited Australia, their English has been influenced by Americans. Their accent became more distinct from the British.

Australians are fond of using abbreviated words whilst British like to use full words. Example of this the word barbecue, used in British but it is called barbie in Australia. Another one would sunnies which is the shortened word for sunglasses. When talking to Aussies, your conversation may sound like: ” Good arvo. Grab your bodies. Let’s head on to the beach to have some barbies.”

Some of the popular shortened words are:

Brekky
Ciggy
Defo
Devo
G’day
Lappy
Mackas
No worries
Mozzie
Straya

Certain words mean differently in both languages. Here are some of those words:

rego – car registration
cossie – swimming costume
billy – teapot
lady – Sheila
tinny – can of beer
garbo – dustman
brolly – umbrella
Stoked – happy or pleased
Swag – a single bed you can roll up
thongs – flip flops

Some may think these words can be condescending when speaking to someone older. But, their fondness for such shorten words dates back in 1800. The younger generations should not take the blame as it is embedded in the culture.

Influence of Immigrant Languages

Due to the mix cultures, the spoken language in Australia has constantly evolved. Their native language is a mixture of hybrid of different languages which the new generation adapted. This resulted in the two types of English-based languages in Australia: Kriol and Torres Strait Creole. The former is used in Northern Territory and Western Australia whilst the latter in Queensland and South-West Papua.

Seventy percent (70%) of the population speak English at home. For the past few years, thousands of immigrants flock to Australia, most of which are bilingual. Apart from English as a spoken language at home, there is also an increase in a non-English language. Next on the list is Mandarin at 2.5% followed by Arabic at 1.4%.

Lastly, Australia has its own sign languages which are called Auslan Yolŋu Sign Language and other Aboriginal sign languages. It would be great to see how the Australian language will evolve over the years.

What Continent Is Australia In?

Introduction

From time immemorial, many people have wrongfully believed that Australia is a country and continent, all rolled into one.

But just how true is this? This post shall try to uncover the country of Australia in relation to its continent.

Which Continent Is Australia In?

Australia is found within the content of Australia. It is probably the only country that also shares a name with its continent, at least word for word. We have countries like South Africa and the United States of America that only share part of their names with the names of their respective continents.

When distinguishing Australia the continent from Australia the country, you will often come across words such as Australinea, Sahul or Meganesia. Of course, many of us simply refer to it as Australia, probably because of the wrongful assumption that the continent is expressly made up of a single country.

What Is The Continent Made Up Of?

The continent of Australia is the world’s smallest size, geographically speaking. Geographically, it shares the region of Oceania, among other countries and islands like Micronesia, Polynesia, and Melanesia. Inlay terms, the continent is made up of landmasses that are situated on the Australian continental-plate. Essentially, these landmasses comprise of countries such as mainland Australia, the New Guinea, and Tasmania. The New Guinea is a collection of islands comprising of two Indonesian provinces and Papua New-Guinea.

The continent of Australia is also made up of a continental shelf that features shallow seas seamlessly splitting it into various landmasses. Some of these landmasses include the Torres Strait and the Arafura that is situated between New Guinea and mainland Australia. There is also the Bass Strait that is located between Tasmania and mainland Australia. These landmasses are believed to have been part of a huge mainland before the rise of sea level.

The continent of Australia is also considered the lowest and flattest point on Earth, as well as one of the most ancient landforms. It lies in various time zones depending on the country where you find yourself in. These time zones range from GMT + 8 to GMT + 10.

More Facts About Australia

The geographical size of the Australian continent is 8,600,000 km2, or 3,300,000 sq mi. The estimated population of the continent is 38,000,000. The country of Australia takes a huge chunk of this population, with about 25 million people. Papua New-Guinea comes second with a population of slightly over 8 million. The rest of the regions covered under the Australia continent, such as the two districts of Indonesia, share the rest of the population.

Interestingly, all the top 5 largest cities in the continent of Australia are actually found in the country of Australia. These include Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

The dominant language in Australia is English. English is predominantly spoken in Australia and Papua New Guinea while Indonesian is widely used in Indonesia. Apart from English, other common languages in the country of Australia include Mandarin, Punjabi, Arabic, and Filipino. Interestingly, up to 18 percent of people in the country of Australia are not native English speakers. This means the country is one of the most permissive in the world, in terms of immigration. In Papua New Guinea, Hiri Motu and Tok Pisin are two of the most popular languages after English.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Australia is both a country and a continent. As a continent, it encompasses up to three different countries.

What is the capital of Australia?

What is the capital of Australia? It may sound like a very simple question, but if asked, most people would likely get it wrong. If asked, most would likely say that it’s Melbourne or Sydney, two of Australia’s largest and most-known cities. However, in reality, the capital of Australia is a smaller city called Canberra.

What is Canberra?

I wouldn’t be surprised if you’ve never heard of such a city, even though it’s still a large city, albeit smaller than the likes of Sydney and Melbourne. Canberra, as you already know by now is an inland capital of Australia and is a city built specifically for this role.

A brief history of Canberra

Unlike most large Australian cities, the capital of Australia wasn’t built in colonial times. Instead, in 1901 six separate colonies in Australia joined to form the Commonwealth of Australia and in 1908 they have agreed that the capital will be an entirely new city. And so, the story of Canberra began.

Being an entirely new city, built from scratch, Canberra is the only fully planned city in Australia, designed fully by two American architects – Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony Griffin. It’s also not part of any of the Australian states, instead of being part of Australian Capital Territory. In other words, you can compare the capital of Australia with Washington D. C. and it will be a fairly apt comparison.

What to do in Canberra?

With all that said, Canberra isn’t just the capital of Australia. For one, it’s home to two large universities, the ANU(Australian National University) and the UC(University of Canberra), with ANU sometimes cited as the best university in Australia.

Beyond that, Canberra is also an attractive and popular tourist destination, with 14 international flights to the city every week. To accompany this, the city now has a wide selection of restaurants and hotels to suit any taste.

Styled as the cultural capital of Australia, Canberra hosts several large galleries and art exhibitions, including the National Gallery of Australia, which houses over 7500 works of art, including many examples of Aboriginal art. Another great place to visit if you value art is the National Portrait Gallery, focused, as the name suggests, on displaying a wide range of portraits.

If you’re interested in getting a glimpse at how the government of Australia is run, you can get a free tour at the Parliament’s House. This government building also has several smaller galleries inside it which are open to the public.

If you’re more interested in nature rather than urban environments, then Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve might be right up your alley. It’s only about 40 minutes away from Canberra, but it feels like a proper piece of Australian Outback, full of wildlife, including such iconic Australian creatures like kangaroos and emus.

Another interesting place near Canberra is the National Arboretum, a place you may call a museum for trees. Built on a patch of land ravaged by wildfires, the Arboretum was restored and planted with thousands of rare and endangered trees from all over the world.

And those are just a few of the reasons why it’s worth knowing the capital of Australia.

Australia Visa for US Citizens

Looking to take an exciting trip down under? Australia is a beautiful country with many natural and cultural wonders to enjoy! Millions of people visit every year, and it isn’t difficult to understand why. But before you book your flight and reserve a room, it’s important to understand what paperwork will be necessary to bring with you, and file before you leave!

It is normal to carry a valid US passport when visiting another country, but did you know that you also need to obtain a visa? An Australia visa for US citizens is easy to get, as long as you are prepared ahead of time. Luckily, you do not need to visit a doctor and receive vaccinations before visiting Australia, which saves you time, money, and a little bit of pain.

If you are planning to visit Australia, you must be sure that you have a valid US passport that will not expire before or during your trip. Check the expiration date in your passport. If it expires within the next six months, it would be wise to go ahead and request a new one before finalizing travel plans. Not only will this ensure that your passport is valid for the duration of your vacation, but also that you will not have to worry about it for some time!

Most tourists visiting Australia spend between seven days and three months exploring the cities, outback, and beaches. For this reason, the government of Australia offers an easy, simple, and inexpensive solution to tourist visas, providing that the tourist stays in Australia for less than 90 days.

This solution comes in the form of the Electronic Travel Authority, also more commonly known as ETA. Rather than laboring through difficult visa paperwork, the Australian authorities prefer their US visitors to access the electronically-linked ETA service. Simply go online to www.eta.homeaffairs.gov.au and select which country you are traveling from.

The site will then direct you to input your current passport information, securely of course. Once you have input the correct information, you will be asked to pay a fee of $20 AUD, which is currently equal to about $14 USD. Your ETA application will then undergo a brief review, which typically takes only seconds or minutes. Most people will be approved and good to go before ever leaving the ETA webpage.

While the Australian government does offer the ETA visa option to several countries, it does not offer this service to all countries. In fact, an Australia visa for US citizens is one of the easiest visas to get! This makes travel quick, easy, and painless for US citizens!

Of course, a travel visa does not permit you to work while you’re in Australia, so if you suddenly feel the itch to apply for a job while you’re on vacation, avoid that compulsion and chill out!

Australia is full of amazing activities to try, wildlife to see, and people to meet. Don’t wait another minute to book your dream vacation! If you’re a US citizen, you’ll be ready to go in a snap with the easy-to-use ETA visa system!